Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is one of the most important things you can do during pregnancy. It is also an important part of keeping your baby healthy. Dental visits are safe anytime during pregnancy a​nd it is recommended by the American Dental Association, the American Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Academy of Pediatrics to see your dentist regularly.

Changes in your body can increase your risk for certain dental problems during pregnancy, including:

  1. Tooth erosion from morning sickness. If you vomit, your teeth are exposed to stomach acid. Over time, stomach acid will wear away your tooth enamel. Enamel is the hard, outer layer of your teeth that protects them from decay.
  2. Cavities (also called tooth decay or caries). One in four women of childbearing age have untreated cavities.1 You can pass the bacteria that causes cavities to your baby during pregnancy and after birth. Children of mothers who have high levels of untreated cavities or tooth loss are three times more likely to have cavities as a child.2
  3. Gingivitis. Gingivitis is inflammation (redness and swelling) of the gums. If untreated, it can lead to more serious gum disease and tooth loss. Pregnancy hormones can increase your risk for gingivitis – 60 to 75% of pregnant women have gingivitis.3
  4. Periodontal disease (also called periodontitis or gum disease). If gingivitis is untreated, it can lead to periodontal disease. This infection in the gums can lead to tooth loss.


​Resources for Pregnant Women

​​     Dental Care During Pregnancy


1Lindquist B, Emilson CG. Colonization of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus genotypes and caries development in children to mothers harboring both species. Caries Res. 2004;38(2):95-103. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3173944/

2Dye BA, Vargas CM, Lee JJ, Magder L, Tinanoff N. Assessing the Relationship Between Children's Oral Health Status and That of Their Mothers. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011;142(2), 173-183. doi:10.14219/jada.archive.2011.0061. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21282684/

3American Dental Association Council on Access, Prevention, and Interprofessional Relations, 2006. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27476237/